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Viking longships were about thirty metres long. The ship could sail at the speed of 10mph. They were made of wooden planks hammered together. The Vikings had fast ships so they could run away easily if they got chased. The Vikings had given the boats names as well. A lot of Vikings were good at sailing and fishing beacuse they grew up near fjords, a channel in the sea for the boats.
The sail was a square shape. It has vertical stripes that were usually red and white. It was sometimes quited in a diamond pattern. When the wind blew it moved the boat.
The mast was made from a single tree trunk which was stripped. The mast was made to hold the sail. The mast was often made out of oak.
There were sixteen oarsmen on each side of the boat. The oars poked through an hole called an 'oarport'. This was so the oars could be pulled in when the boat went on shallow water. Oars were used when there was no wind.
Sheilds were made from wood. They were attached to the side of the ship. This kept them out of the way and added protection from rocks.
The figurehead was to scare away enemies and was carved out of wood. It was made to look like a dragon or sea monster.
The rudder was made from wood and was used to steer the boat. It was at the back.